Chandrayaan 3 Mission: Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) launched Chandrayaan-3 on 14 July. It has successfully completed the fourth attempt to lift it into the Moon’s orbit, but the question is where did this journey begin.
According to India Today, the Indian space program started in the 1960s. Initially, due to the severe shortage of resources, the engineers used to carry the rocket parts on their cycles. Since then we have come a long way.
ISRO was established in the year 1969. Late Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of ISRO and called the father of India’s space program, ensured that we could complete the mission with the least amount of money.
Union Minister Jitendra Singh recently told that the cost of Chandrayaan-3 project is around Rs 600 crore. This mission once again proved the credibility of ISRO in front of the world. It has not been easy to reach this point because trying to achieve this stature has been difficult between the likes of NASA and Roscosmos of America.
From where did the journey start?
India launched its first satellite Aryabhata in 1975 using a Soviet rocket from a foreign launchpad. It is not that ISRO did not think of developing rocket engines till 1975. Work began and it launched the first sounding rocket in 1963 from the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in Thiruvananthapuram.
ISRO again launched the Rohini sounding rocket in 1979. We had to take help from Moscow once to launch Bhaskar. After the escalation of the Cold War between the US and the Soviet Union, India felt the need for launch sites to increase its capability and reduce dependence on other countries. With this the journey continued.
ISRO did the first operational launch of PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle- PSLV) on September 29, 1997. It was a completely indigenous rocket, which placed the IRS-1D satellite in orbit. Whatever happened after that, the rest is history because after that we did not look back.
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